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Posted on  June 20, 2021  by  Kenan


Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is the main source of energy and it comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made in the pancreas, benefits glucose from food to enter your cells for energy. Sometimes your body does not make enough insulin - or some - or does not use insulin properly. Glucose then stays in your blood and does not reach your cells.

Diabetes is a serious, incurable condition. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the disease is the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S. While diabetes itself is manageable, its complications can have a profound effect on daily life, and some can be fatal if not treated promptly. Problems with diabetes include: • Dental and gum disease • eye problems and blindness • foot problems, including numbness, leading to sores and injuries and untreated cuts • Heart disease • neurological damage, such as diabetic neuropathy • a stroke • kidney disease In the case of kidney disease, this problem can lead to kidney failure, water retention where the body does not drain properly, and a person who is having difficulty controlling the bladder. Different types of diabetes The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. • Type diabetes first If you have type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce insulin. Your immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells. Type 1 diabetes is more common in children and the elderly, although it can occur at any time. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin daily to stay healthy. • Type 2 diabetes If type 2 diabetes, your body is not making or consuming insulin properly. You can have type 2 diabetes at any time, even as a child. However, this type of diabetes is more common in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. • Pregnancy diabetes Pregnancy diabetes develops in some women during pregnancy. Most of the time, this type of diabetes disappears after the baby is born. However, if you have ever had gestational diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes diabetes during pregnancy is actually type 2 diabetes. • Other types of diabetes Uncommon types include monogenic diabetes, which is a genetic form of diabetes, as well as diabetes-related cystic fibrosis. Health problems Over time, high blood glucose leads to such problems • Heart disease • a stroke • kidney disease • eye problems • dental disease • emotional trauma • foot problems You can take steps to reduce your risk of developing these diabetes-related problems. Precautionary Exercise and diet tips When a doctor diagnoses a person with type 2 diabetes, they often endorse making lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health. The doctor may refer the person with diabetes or prediabetes to a foster care. A specialist can help a person with diabetes to lead an active, balanced life and manage the condition. A healthy diet can help prevent, reverse, or control diabetes. Steps a person can take to cope with his or her diabetes include: • Eat fresh, nutritious foods, including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein, low-fat milk, and healthy fat sources, such as nuts. • Avoid sugary foods that provide low calories, or calories that do not have other health benefits, such as sweet sodas, fried foods, and high-sugar desserts. • Avoid drinking too much alcohol or keeping less than one drink per day for women or two drinks a day for men. • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day for at least five days a week, such as walking, aerobics, cycling, or swimming. • Seeing signs of low blood sugar when exercising, including dizziness, confusion, weakness and profuse sweating. People can also take steps to reduce their body mass index (BMI), which can help some people with type 2 diabetes to manage the condition without medication. Lower, more stable weight loss goals may help a person maintain long-term benefits.

Using insulin People with type I diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes may need to inject or inhale insulin to keep their blood sugar levels low. Different types of insulin are available, and many have been compiled into how long their effect lasts. There are fast, regular, medium, and long-acting insulins. Some people will use a long-acting insulin injection to keep blood sugar levels low. Some people may use temporary insulin or a combination of insulin types. Regardless of the type, a person usually checks his or her blood glucose levels with his or her finger. Some medicines In addition to insulin, other drugs can help a person to manage his condition. Metformin With Type 2 diabetes, the doctor may prescribe metformin in a pill or liquid form. contribution • Lower blood sugar • make insulin work better It can also help with weight loss. Having a healthy weight can reduce the impact of diabetes. Along with diabetes, a person may have other health risks and may need medication to control them. The doctor will inform the person of his or her needs. Self-monitoring

The diabetic uses a lancet to pierce the skin. While the idea of a blood draw can cause stress for some people, twisting a finger to get a blood sample should be a simple, easy procedure. Take the following safety precautions: • Clean the area where the sample will come out with soap, warm water to avoid food scraps that could get into the fence and interfere with learning. • Choose a smaller, smaller lancet for greater comfort. • The lancet should have depth settings that control the depth of the fist. Fix this for comfort. • Many meters only need a blood sample equal to tears. • Take blood on the side of the finger, as this causes less pain. Using the middle finger, ring finger, and little finger can be more comfortable • While certain meters allow samples from other test sites, such as the thighs and upper arms, the fingers, and palms of the outer hands produce more accurate results. • Apply blood upside down with “milking” movements rather than putting pressure on the swimming pool. • Dispose of spears following local law enforcement regulations.

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