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Stomach Ulcer: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis - Edoctorug

Posted on  December 4, 2021  by  Kenan

Stomach Ulcer: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis - Edoctorug


Stomach ulcers, also known as stomach ulcers, are open ulcers that grow on parts of the abdomen.

Ulcers can also appear on the intestinal tract just beyond the abdomen. These are known as duodenal ulcers. Both stomach and duodenal ulcers are sometimes referred to as body ulcers. Here the term stomach ulcer will be used, although the details apply equally to stomach ulcers.


Symptoms of a Stomach Ulcer:


The main symptom of a stomach ulcer is pain in the upper abdomen (stomach). Other symptoms may include:

    • Constipation. This means that your stomach is swollen because your stomach is full of gas or air.

    • Re-typing. Also known as 'height'. This means it sounds and looks like you are about to get sick (vomit) but don't actually vomit.

    • Feeling sick (nausea).

    • Cleaning.

    • Feeling very full after a meal.


Causes of Stomach Ulcers:


Stomach ulcers are usually caused by the following:


• Bacterial Infection Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori)

• long-term use of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen


Often, a condition known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can cause stomach and intestinal ulcers by increasing the body's production of acid. The disease is thought to have caused less than 1% of all peptic ulcers.


ulcers are usually caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or non-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).


This can break the stomach's defense against the acid it produces to digest food, allowing the stomach lining to be damaged and ulcers.


    • H. pylori bacteria

    • H. pylori infections are common, and you may have been infected unknowingly because the disease does not cause symptoms.


Bacteria live in the stomach, and people of all ages can become infected.

But for some people, the bacteria can irritate the stomach lining and make it more prone to stomach acid damage. It is not clear why some people are at high risk for the effects of the H virus. Pylori than others.




NSAIDs are commonly used drugs to treat pain, high fever (fever), and inflammation (inflammation).


The Most Commonly Used Nsaids Include:


    • Ibuprofen

    • Aspirin

    • Naproxen

    • Diclofenac

Most people take NSAIDs without any side effects, but there is always a risk that the drug can cause problems, such as stomach ulcers, especially if taken for a long time or in high doses.

You may be advised not to use NSAIDs if you currently have symptoms of ulcer in the body or if you have had it in the past. Paracetamol can be used as an alternative painkiller, as it is generally considered safe.


Lifestyle Factors:


The ulcer was thought to be caused by certain biological factors, such as spicy food, stress, and alcohol.


There is little hard evidence to prove it, but these things can make the symptoms of the ulcers worse. But it is thought that smoking increases the risk of stomach ulcers and may make treatment less effective.


Abdominal Ulcer Examination:


If your doctor thinks you may have stomach ulcer symptoms, the first tests will include some blood tests. These tests will help to determine if you have anemia due to any bleeding from the wound. A blood test will also test your liver and pancreas for good health.


The Main Tests Used to Diagnose a Stomach Ulcer Are as Follows:


    • Virus testing p. Pylori (bacterium) is usually done if you have ulcer symptoms. The virus is H. Pylori can be found in a stool sample, or in a 'breathing test', or in a blood test, or in a biopsy sample taken during a gastroscopy. See a special tract called Helicobacter Pylori for more details.

    • Gastroscopy (endoscopy) is a test that can confirm a stomach ulcer. Gastroscopy is usually performed as an 'outdoor' case. You may be given a balm to help you relax. In this test, the doctor looks inside your abdomen by passing a small, flexible telescope under your gullet (esophagus). The doctor will then be able to detect any swelling or ulcers in your stomach.

    • Small samples (biopsies) are usually taken with tissue inside and near the wound during digestion. This is sent to the laboratory for inspection under a microscope. This is important because some ulcers are caused by stomach cancer. However, most stomach ulcer causes are not caused by cancer.

    • If there are serious symptoms such as bleeding the doctor may need further tests, which may include:

    • Endoscopy: The camera is inserted into the end of a long, narrow, flexible tube to check the lining of the intestines. A biopsy can also be taken.

    • Barium enema: This is a thick liquid that allows X-rays to be taken in the intestines.


Treatment of Stomach Ulcer:


Lifestyles can improve symptoms, such as:

    • Weight loss if you are overweight.

    • Avoid any foods that cause bullets, such as coffee, chocolate, tomatoes, fatty foods, or spicy foods.

    • Eat small meals and have your dinner 3-4 hours before bed.

    • Stop smoking.




Dietary changes can help prevent stomach ulcers from growing:


People at risk of stomach ulcers should include the following nutrients in their diet:


Fruits and Vegetables:

 Eating a variety of fruits and vegetables is the key to a healthy digestive system. These foods are rich in antioxidants, prevent acid reflux, and contain cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. A 2017 study suggests that these are all important factors in preventing and treating ulcers.

Fiber: Foods high in soluble fiber reduce the risk of developing stomach ulcers.

Probiotics: Foods that contain active bacterial content, such as probiotic yogurt, can help reduce Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections. Probiotics have been shown to slightly improve digestive symptoms and side effects of antibiotics.

Vitamin C: This powerful antioxidant can work to help eliminate H. Pylori, especially if taken in small doses for a long time. Fruits, grains, and vegetables, such as oranges and tomatoes, contain high levels of vitamin C.

Zinc: This micronutrient is essential for keeping healthy immune systems and wound healing. Oysters, spinach, and beef have high levels of zinc.

Selenium: This can reduce the risk of complications and can also promote treatment. Brazilian nuts, yellowfin tuna, and halibut are recommended for their high selenium content.



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